@inproceedings{10586,
abstract = {We consider the problem of transforming a given graph G_s into a desired graph G_t by applying a minimum number of primitives from a particular set of local graph transformation primitives. These primitives are local in the sense that each node can apply them based on local knowledge and by affecting only its 1-neighborhood. Although the specific set of primitives we consider makes it possible to transform any (weakly) connected graph into any other (weakly) connected graph consisting of the same nodes, they cannot disconnect the graph or introduce new nodes into the graph, making them ideal in the context of supervised overlay network transformations. We prove that computing a minimum sequence of primitive applications (even centralized) for arbitrary G_s and G_t is NP-hard, which we conjecture to hold for any set of local graph transformation primitives satisfying the aforementioned properties. On the other hand, we show that this problem admits a polynomial time algorithm with a constant approximation ratio.},
author = {Scheideler, Christian and Setzer, Alexander},
booktitle = {Proceedings of the 46th International Colloquium on Automata, Languages, and Programming},
keyword = {Graphs transformations, NP-hardness, approximation algorithms},
location = {Patras, Greece},
pages = {150:1----150:14},
publisher = {Dagstuhl Publishing},
title = {{On the Complexity of Local Graph Transformations}},
doi = {10.4230/LIPICS.ICALP.2019.150},
volume = {132},
year = {2019},
}
@article{8171,
abstract = {The polynomial hierarchy plays a central role in classical complexity theory. Here, we define
a quantum generalization of the polynomial hierarchy, and initiate its study. We show that
not only are there natural complete problems for the second level of this quantum hierarchy, but that these problems are in fact hard to approximate. Using the same techniques, we
also obtain hardness of approximation for the class QCMA. Our approach is based on the
use of dispersers, and is inspired by the classical results of Umans regarding hardness of approximation for the second level of the classical polynomial hierarchy [Umans, FOCS 1999].
The problems for which we prove hardness of approximation for include, among others, a
quantum version of the Succinct Set Cover problem, and a variant of the local Hamiltonian
problem with hybrid classical-quantum ground states.},
author = {Gharibian, Sevag and Kempe, Julia},
journal = {Quantum Information & Computation},
keyword = {Hardness of approximation, polynomial time hierarchy, succinct set cover, quantum complexity},
number = {5-6},
pages = {517--540},
title = {{Hardness of approximation for quantum problems}},
volume = {14},
year = {2014},
}