Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours

E.-G. Lierke, T. Hemsel, Acta Acustica United with Acustica 94 (2008) 369–381.

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Abstract
Ultrasonic hyperthermia and thermo-ablation are two promising alternatives for local overheating of deep-seated human tumours. After a short characterisation of the two techniques and the identification of the main parameters, results of an analytical theory of local heat up, cooling, and heat diffusion are presented. The theory is based on a spherical model for hyperthermia with a critical thermal dose and on a cylinder-symmetrical model for thermo-ablation with a critical temperature threshold for thermal toxicity and cell death through coagulative necrosis. Two representative hard ware concepts are discussed. The hyperthermia applicator consists of a MHz transducer, which rotates concentrically in a water filled capsule with acoustically transparent window, and radiates collimated or focussed ultrasound under 45$\,^{\circ}$ into a concentric target area of nearly spherical symmetry. The applicator for thermo-ablation is a MHz transducer which radiates high intensity focussed ultrasound (HIFU) into "cigar shaped" target areas at the focal zone. Typical therapy diagrams for both techniques are presented. They show therapeutic target volumes as functions of the therapy time with the peak temperature or the radiated acoustic power as parameters. These diagrams are discussed under consideration of power requirement, maximal sound intensity, and power efficiency at close to optimized frequency conditions.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Acta Acustica united with Acustica
Volume
94
Issue
3
Page
369-381
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Lierke E-G, Hemsel T. Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours. Acta Acustica united with Acustica. 2008;94(3):369-381. doi:10.3813/AAA.918044
Lierke, E.-G., & Hemsel, T. (2008). Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours. Acta Acustica United with Acustica, 94(3), 369–381. https://doi.org/10.3813/AAA.918044
@article{Lierke_Hemsel_2008, title={Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours}, volume={94}, DOI={10.3813/AAA.918044}, number={3}, journal={Acta Acustica united with Acustica}, author={Lierke, Ernst-Günter and Hemsel, Tobias}, year={2008}, pages={369–381} }
Lierke, Ernst-Günter, and Tobias Hemsel. “Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-Ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours.” Acta Acustica United with Acustica 94, no. 3 (2008): 369–81. https://doi.org/10.3813/AAA.918044.
E.-G. Lierke and T. Hemsel, “Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours,” Acta Acustica united with Acustica, vol. 94, no. 3, pp. 369–381, 2008.
Lierke, Ernst-Günter, and Tobias Hemsel. “Local Ultrasonic Hyperthermia and Thermo-Ablation: A Description and Theoretical Evaluation of Two Alternative Concepts for the Heat Therapy of Tumours.” Acta Acustica United with Acustica, vol. 94, no. 3, 2008, pp. 369–81, doi:10.3813/AAA.918044.

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