10.4230/LIPICS.ICALP.2019.150
Scheideler, Christian
Christian
Scheideler
Setzer, Alexander
Alexander
Setzer
On the Complexity of Local Graph Transformations
Dagstuhl Publishing
2019
2019-07-08T17:19:01Z
2019-08-26T09:21:46Z
conference
https://ris.uni-paderborn.de/record/10586
https://ris.uni-paderborn.de/record/10586.json
537649 bytes
application/pdf
We consider the problem of transforming a given graph G_s into a desired graph G_t by applying a minimum number of primitives from a particular set of local graph transformation primitives. These primitives are local in the sense that each node can apply them based on local knowledge and by affecting only its 1-neighborhood. Although the specific set of primitives we consider makes it possible to transform any (weakly) connected graph into any other (weakly) connected graph consisting of the same nodes, they cannot disconnect the graph or introduce new nodes into the graph, making them ideal in the context of supervised overlay network transformations. We prove that computing a minimum sequence of primitive applications (even centralized) for arbitrary G_s and G_t is NP-hard, which we conjecture to hold for any set of local graph transformation primitives satisfying the aforementioned properties. On the other hand, we show that this problem admits a polynomial time algorithm with a constant approximation ratio.