@article{13525,
abstract = {{The frequency-dependent dielectric function and the second-order polarizability tensor of ferroelectric LiNbO3 are calculated from first principles. The calculations are based on the electronic structure obtained from density-functional theory. The subsequent application of the GW approximation to account for quasiparticle effects and the solution of the Bethe-Salpeter equation for the stoichiometric material yield a dielectric function that slightly overestimates the absorption onset and the oscillator strength in comparison with experimental measurements. Calculations at the level of the independent-particle approximation indicate that these deficiencies are, at least, partially related to the neglect of intrinsic defects typical for the congruent material. The second-order polarizability calculated within the independent-particle approximation predicts strong nonlinear coefficients for photon energies above 1.5 eV. The comparison with measured data suggests that the inclusion of self-energy effects in the nonlinear optical response leads to a better agreement with experiments. The intrinsic defects of congruent samples reduce the optical nonlinearities, in particular, for the 21 and 31 tensor components, further improving the agreement between experiments and theory.}},
author = {{Riefer, Arthur and Sanna, Simone and Schindlmayr, Arno and Schmidt, Wolf Gero}},
issn = {{1550-235X}},
journal = {{Physical Review B}},
number = {{19}},
publisher = {{American Physical Society}},
title = {{{Optical response of stoichiometric and congruent lithium niobate from first-principles calculations}}},
doi = {{10.1103/PhysRevB.87.195208}},
volume = {{87}},
year = {{2013}},
}