TY - JOUR
AB - Spiral patterns have been observed experimentally, numerically, and theoretically in a variety of systems. It is often believed that these spiral wave patterns can occur only in systems of reaction–diffusion equations. We show, both theoretically (using Hopf bifurcation techniques) and numerically (using both direct simulation and continuation of rotating waves) that spiral wave patterns can appear in a single reaction–diffusion equation [ in u(x, t)] on a disk, if one assumes "spiral" boundary conditions (ur = muθ). Spiral boundary conditions are motivated by assuming that a solution is infinitesimally an Archimedian spiral near the boundary. It follows from a bifurcation analysis that for this form of spirals there are no singularities in the spiral pattern (technically there is no spiral tip) and that at bifurcation there is a steep gradient between the "red" and "blue" arms of the spiral.
AU - Dellnitz, Michael
AU - Golubitsky, Martin
AU - Hohmann, Andreas
AU - Stewart, Ian
ID - 16551
JF - International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos
SN - 0218-1274
TI - Spirals in Scalar Reaction–Diffusion Equations
ER -