10.1142/s0129626404001714
ElsÃ¤sser, Robert
Robert
ElsÃ¤sser
Monien, Burkhard
Burkhard
Monien
Preis, Robert
Robert
Preis
Frommer, Andreas
Andreas
Frommer
Optimal Diffusion Schemes and Load Balancing on Product Graphs
2004
2020-04-16T05:46:56Z
2020-05-07T05:21:19Z
journal_article
https://ris.uni-paderborn.de/record/16587
https://ris.uni-paderborn.de/record/16587.json
0129-6264
<jats:p> We discuss nearest neighbor load balancing schemes on processor networks which are represented by a cartesian product of graphs and present a new optimal diffusion scheme for general graphs. In the first part of the paper, we introduce the Alternating-Direction load balancing scheme, which reduces the number of load balance iterations by a factor of 2 for cartesian products of graphs. The resulting flow is theoretically analyzed and can be very high for certain cases. Therefore, we further present the Mixed-Direction scheme which needs the same number of iterations but computes in most cases a much smaller flow. In the second part of the paper, we present a simple optimal diffusion scheme for general graphs, calculating a balancing flow which is minimal in the l<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> norm. It is based on the spectra of the graph representing the network and needs only m-1 iterations to balance the load with m being the number of distinct eigenvalues. Known optimal diffusion schemes have the same performance, however the optimal scheme presented in this paper can be implemented in a very simple manner. The number of iterations of optimal diffusion schemes is independent of the load scenario and, thus, they are practical for networks which represent graphs with known spectra. Finally, our experiments exhibit that the new optimal scheme can successfully be combined with the Alternating-Direction and Mixed-Direction schemes for efficient load balancing on product graphs. </jats:p>