{"year":"2000","citation":{"bibtex":"@article{Lorys_Wanka_Oesterdiekhoff_Kutylowski_2000, title={Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period}, volume={45}, DOI={10.1145/355483.355490}, journal={Journal of the ACM}, author={Lorys, Krzysztof and Wanka, Rolf and Oesterdiekhoff, Brigitte and Kutylowski, Miroslaw}, year={2000}, pages={944–967} }","ieee":"K. Lorys, R. Wanka, B. Oesterdiekhoff, and M. Kutylowski, “Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period,” *Journal of the ACM*, vol. 45, pp. 944–967, 2000, doi: 10.1145/355483.355490.","apa":"Lorys, K., Wanka, R., Oesterdiekhoff, B., & Kutylowski, M. (2000). Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period. *Journal of the ACM*, *45*, 944–967. https://doi.org/10.1145/355483.355490","ama":"Lorys K, Wanka R, Oesterdiekhoff B, Kutylowski M. Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period. *Journal of the ACM*. 2000;45:944-967. doi:10.1145/355483.355490","mla":"Lorys, Krzysztof, et al. “Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period.” *Journal of the ACM*, vol. 45, 2000, pp. 944–67, doi:10.1145/355483.355490.","chicago":"Lorys, Krzysztof, Rolf Wanka, Brigitte Oesterdiekhoff, and Miroslaw Kutylowski. “Periodification Scheme: Constructing Sorting Networks with Constant Period.” *Journal of the ACM* 45 (2000): 944–67. https://doi.org/10.1145/355483.355490.","short":"K. Lorys, R. Wanka, B. Oesterdiekhoff, M. Kutylowski, Journal of the ACM 45 (2000) 944–967."},"status":"public","page":"944-967","abstract":[{"lang":"eng","text":"We consider comparator networks M that are used repeatedly: while the output produced by M is not sorted, it is fed again into M. Sorting algorithms working in this way are called periodic. The number of parallel steps performed during a single run of M is called its period, the sorting time of M is the total number of parallel steps that are necessary to sort in the worst case. Periodic sorting networks have the advantage that they need little hardware (control logic, wiring, area) and that they are adaptive. We are interested in comparator networks of a constant period, due to their potential applications in hardware design.\r\n\r\nPreviously, very little was known on such networks. The fastest solutions required time O(nε) where the depth was roughly 1/ε. We introduce a general method called periodification scheme that converts automatically an arbitrary sorting network that sorts n items in time T(n) and that has layout area A(n) into a sorting network that has period 5, sorts ***(n • T(n) items in time O(T(