@article{32243,
abstract = {{Abstract
The defining feature of active particles is that they constantly propel themselves by locally converting chemical energy into directed motion. This active self-propulsion prevents them from equilibrating with their thermal environment (e.g. an aqueous solution), thus keeping them permanently out of equilibrium. Nevertheless, the spatial dynamics of active particles might share certain equilibrium features, in particular in the steady state. We here focus on the time-reversal symmetry of individual spatial trajectories as a distinct equilibrium characteristic. We investigate to what extent the steady-state trajectories of a trapped active particle obey or break this time-reversal symmetry. Within the framework of active Ornsteinâ€“Uhlenbeck particles we find that the steady-state trajectories in a harmonic potential fulfill path-wise time-reversal symmetry exactly, while this symmetry is typically broken in anharmonic potentials.}},
author = {{Dabelow, Lennart and Bo, Stefano and Eichhorn, Ralf}},
issn = {{1742-5468}},
journal = {{Journal of Statistical Mechanics: Theory and Experiment}},
keywords = {{Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty, Statistics and Probability, Statistical and Nonlinear Physics}},
number = {{3}},
publisher = {{IOP Publishing}},
title = {{{How irreversible are steady-state trajectories of a trapped active particle?}}},
doi = {{10.1088/1742-5468/abe6fd}},
volume = {{2021}},
year = {{2021}},
}