A density-functional theory study of hole and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate

F. Schmidt, A.L. Kozub, U. Gerstmann, W.G. Schmidt, A. Schindlmayr, Crystals 12 (2022).

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Journal Article | Published | English
Abstract
Hole polarons and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate are investigated by means of density-functional theory, where the localization of the holes is achieved by applying the +U approach to the oxygen 2p orbitals. We find three principal configurations of hole polarons: (i) self-trapped holes localized at displaced regular oxygen atoms and (ii) two other configurations bound to a lithium vacancy either at a threefold coordinated oxygen atom above or at a twofold coordinated oxygen atom below the defect. The latter is most stable and in excellent quantitative agreement with measured g factors from electron paramagnetic resonance. Due to the absence of mid-gap states, none of these hole polarons can explain the broad optical absorption centered between 2.5 and 2.8 eV that is observed in transient absorption spectroscopy, but such states appear if a free electron polaron is trapped at the same lithium vacancy as the bound hole polaron, resulting in an exciton polaron. The dielectric function calculated by solving the Bethe-Salpeter equation indeed yields an optical peak at 2.6 eV in agreement with the two-photon experiments. The coexistence of hole and exciton polarons, which are simultaneously created in optical excitations, thus satisfactorily explains the reported experimental data.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Crystals
Volume
12
Issue
11
Article Number
1586
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Schmidt F, Kozub AL, Gerstmann U, Schmidt WG, Schindlmayr A. A density-functional theory study of hole and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate. Crystals. 2022;12(11). doi:10.3390/cryst12111586
Schmidt, F., Kozub, A. L., Gerstmann, U., Schmidt, W. G., & Schindlmayr, A. (2022). A density-functional theory study of hole and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate. Crystals, 12(11), Article 1586. https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst12111586
@article{Schmidt_Kozub_Gerstmann_Schmidt_Schindlmayr_2022, title={A density-functional theory study of hole and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate}, volume={12}, DOI={10.3390/cryst12111586}, number={111586}, journal={Crystals}, publisher={MDPI}, author={Schmidt, Falko and Kozub, Agnieszka L. and Gerstmann, Uwe and Schmidt, Wolf Gero and Schindlmayr, Arno}, year={2022} }
Schmidt, Falko, Agnieszka L. Kozub, Uwe Gerstmann, Wolf Gero Schmidt, and Arno Schindlmayr. “A Density-Functional Theory Study of Hole and Defect-Bound Exciton Polarons in Lithium Niobate.” Crystals 12, no. 11 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/cryst12111586.
F. Schmidt, A. L. Kozub, U. Gerstmann, W. G. Schmidt, and A. Schindlmayr, “A density-functional theory study of hole and defect-bound exciton polarons in lithium niobate,” Crystals, vol. 12, no. 11, Art. no. 1586, 2022, doi: 10.3390/cryst12111586.
Schmidt, Falko, et al. “A Density-Functional Theory Study of Hole and Defect-Bound Exciton Polarons in Lithium Niobate.” Crystals, vol. 12, no. 11, 1586, MDPI, 2022, doi:10.3390/cryst12111586.
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