Global weak solutions and absorbing sets in a chemotaxis-Navierâ€“Stokes system with prescribed signal concentration on the boundary
<jats:p> An initial-boundary value problem for a coupled chemotaxis-Navierâ€“Stokes model with porous medium type diffusion is considered. Previous related literature has provided profound knowledge in cases when the system is augmented with no-flux/no-flux/no-slip boundary conditions for the density of cells, the chemical concentration and the fluid velocity field, respectively; in particular, available qualitative results strongly indicate that only trivial solution behavior can be expected on large time scales. In line with refined modeling approaches to oxygen evolution near fluid-air interfaces, this study now focuses on situations involving a fixed chemoattractant concentration on the boundary. Despite an apparent loss of mathematically favorable energy structures thereby induced, by means of an alternative variational approach a basic theory of global existence is developed in a natural framework of weak solvability. Beyond this, some additional qualitative information on the large time behavior of these solutions is derived by identifying a certain global relaxation property. Specifically, a second result asserts, within a suitable topological setting, the existence of a bounded set which eventually absorbs each individual of the obtained trajectories, and the diameter of which is bounded only by the physically relevant quantities of total population size and prescribed boundary concentration of the chemical signal. </jats:p>
32
01
137-173
137-173
World Scientific Pub Co Pte Ltd