TY - JOUR
AB - We present a convolutional framework which significantly reduces the complexity and thus, the computational effort for distributed reinforcement learning control of dynamical systems governed by partial differential equations (PDEs). Exploiting translational equivariances, the high-dimensional distributed control problem can be transformed into a multi-agent control problem with many identical, uncoupled agents. Furthermore, using the fact that information is transported with finite velocity in many cases, the dimension of the agents’ environment can be drastically reduced using a convolution operation over the state space of the PDE, by which we effectively tackle the curse of dimensionality otherwise present in deep reinforcement learning. In this setting, the complexity can be flexibly adjusted via the kernel width or by using a stride greater than one (meaning that we do not place an actuator at each sensor location). Moreover, scaling from smaller to larger domains – or the transfer between different domains – becomes a straightforward task requiring little effort. We demonstrate the performance of the proposed framework using several PDE examples with increasing complexity, where stabilization is achieved by training a low-dimensional deep deterministic policy gradient agent using minimal computing resources.
AU - Peitz, Sebastian
AU - Stenner, Jan
AU - Chidananda, Vikas
AU - Wallscheid, Oliver
AU - Brunton, Steven L.
AU - Taira, Kunihiko
ID - 40171
JF - Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
TI - Distributed Control of Partial Differential Equations Using Convolutional Reinforcement Learning
VL - 461
ER -