Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions

X. Wang, R. Kormath Madam Raghupathy, C.J. Querebillo, Z. Liao, D. Li, K. Lin, M. Hantusch, Z. Sofer, B. Li, E. Zschech, I.M. Weidinger, T.D. Kühne, H. Mirhosseini, M. Yu, X. Feng, Advanced Materials 33 (2021) 2008752.

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Abstract Developing resource-abundant and sustainable metal-free bifunctional oxygen electrocatalysts is essential for the practical application of zinc–air batteries (ZABs). 2D black phosphorus (BP) with fully exposed atoms and active lone pair electrons can be promising for oxygen electrocatalysts, which, however, suffers from low catalytic activity and poor electrochemical stability. Herein, guided by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, an efficient metal-free electrocatalyst is demonstrated via covalently bonding BP nanosheets with graphitic carbon nitride (denoted BP-CN-c). The polarized PN covalent bonds in BP-CN-c can efficiently regulate the electron transfer from BP to graphitic carbon nitride and significantly promote the OOH* adsorption on phosphorus atoms. Impressively, the oxygen evolution reaction performance of BP-CN-c (overpotential of 350 mV at 10 mA cm−2, 90\% retention after 10 h operation) represents the state-of-the-art among the reported BP-based metal-free catalysts. Additionally, BP-CN-c exhibits a small half-wave overpotential of 390 mV for oxygen reduction reaction, representing the first bifunctional BP-based metal-free oxygen catalyst. Moreover, ZABs are assembled incorporating BP-CN-c cathodes, delivering a substantially higher peak power density (168.3 mW cm−2) than the Pt/C+RuO2-based ZABs (101.3 mW cm−2). The acquired insights into interfacial covalent bonds pave the way for the rational design of new and affordable metal-free catalysts.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Advanced Materials
Volume
33
Issue
20
Page
2008752
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Wang X, Kormath Madam Raghupathy R, Querebillo CJ, et al. Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions. Advanced Materials. 2021;33(20):2008752. doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202008752
Wang, X., Kormath Madam Raghupathy, R., Querebillo, C. J., Liao, Z., Li, D., Lin, K., … Feng, X. (2021). Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions. Advanced Materials, 33(20), 2008752. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202008752
@article{Wang_Kormath Madam Raghupathy_Querebillo_Liao_Li_Lin_Hantusch_Sofer_Li_Zschech_et al._2021, title={Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions}, volume={33}, DOI={https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202008752}, number={20}, journal={Advanced Materials}, author={Wang, Xia and Kormath Madam Raghupathy, Ramya and Querebillo, Christine Joy and Liao, Zhongquan and Li, Dongqi and Lin, Kui and Hantusch, Martin and Sofer, Zdeněk and Li, Baohua and Zschech, Ehrenfried and et al.}, year={2021}, pages={2008752} }
Wang, Xia, Ramya Kormath Madam Raghupathy, Christine Joy Querebillo, Zhongquan Liao, Dongqi Li, Kui Lin, Martin Hantusch, et al. “Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions.” Advanced Materials 33, no. 20 (2021): 2008752. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202008752.
X. Wang et al., “Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions,” Advanced Materials, vol. 33, no. 20, p. 2008752, 2021.
Wang, Xia, et al. “Interfacial Covalent Bonds Regulated Electron-Deficient 2D Black Phosphorus for Electrocatalytic Oxygen Reactions.” Advanced Materials, vol. 33, no. 20, 2021, p. 2008752, doi:https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.202008752.

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