A simple pre-stress estimating method of langevin transducers

F. Bo, L. Ting, T. Hemsel, in: Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium On, 2008, pp. 324–327.

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Abstract
A simple pre-stress estimate method of Langevin transducers is studied. The measurement setup consists of a capacitor, an impedance converter and a voltmeter. Based on the piezoelectric equation and the basic circuit theory, the mathematical expression between the pre-stress and the voltage across the capacitor is derived. The pre-stress level can then be calculated out of the measurement of the capacitor voltage. In order to evaluate the precision of this method, a force washer is used to measure the pre-stress of the Langevin transducer. The result shows the pre-stress level obtained from this method is 30-40\% higher than the pre-stress level measured by the force washer. This method is simple and can be used to estimate the pre-stress of various Langevin transducers. The precision of this method can be raised if d33 is identified under different pre-stress levels.
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Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium on
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324-327
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Bo F, Ting L, Hemsel T. A simple pre-stress estimating method of langevin transducers. In: Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium On. ; 2008:324-327. doi:10.1109/SPAWDA.2008.4775801
Bo, F., Ting, L., & Hemsel, T. (2008). A simple pre-stress estimating method of langevin transducers. In Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium on (pp. 324–327). https://doi.org/10.1109/SPAWDA.2008.4775801
@inproceedings{Bo_Ting_Hemsel_2008, title={A simple pre-stress estimating method of langevin transducers}, DOI={10.1109/SPAWDA.2008.4775801}, booktitle={Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium on}, author={Bo, Fu and Ting, Li and Hemsel, Tobias}, year={2008}, pages={324–327} }
Bo, Fu, Li Ting, and Tobias Hemsel. “A Simple Pre-Stress Estimating Method of Langevin Transducers.” In Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium On, 324–27, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1109/SPAWDA.2008.4775801.
F. Bo, L. Ting, and T. Hemsel, “A simple pre-stress estimating method of langevin transducers,” in Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium on, 2008, pp. 324–327.
Bo, Fu, et al. “A Simple Pre-Stress Estimating Method of Langevin Transducers.” Piezoelectricity, Acoustic Waves, and Device Applications, 2008. SPAWDA 2008. Symposium On, 2008, pp. 324–27, doi:10.1109/SPAWDA.2008.4775801.

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