Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves

K. De Jaegher, B. Hoyer, Journal of Conflict Resolution 63 (2018) 502--527.

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Abstract
We present a game-theoretic model of the repression–dissent nexus, focusing on preemptive repression. A small group of instigating dissidents triggers a protest if each dissident participates. The dissidents face random checks by security forces, and when an individual dissident is caught while preparing to participate, he or she is prevented from doing so. Each dissident can invest in countermeasures, which make checks ineffective. For large benefits of protest, higher preemptive repression in the form of a higher number of checks has a deterrence effect and makes dissidents less prone to invest in countermeasures, decreasing the probability of protest. For small benefits of protest, higher preemptive repression instead has a backfiring effect. Both myopic and farsighted governments avoid the backfiring effect by setting low levels of preemptive repression (velvet-glove strategy). However, only a farsighted government is able to exploit the deterrence effect by maintaining a high level of preemptive repression (iron-fist strategy).
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Journal of Conflict Resolution
Volume
63
Issue
2
Page
502--527
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De Jaegher K, Hoyer B. Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves. Journal of Conflict Resolution. 2018;63(2):502--527. doi:10.1177/0022002717750450
De Jaegher, K., & Hoyer, B. (2018). Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 63(2), 502--527. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022002717750450
@article{De Jaegher_Hoyer_2018, title={Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves}, volume={63}, DOI={10.1177/0022002717750450}, number={2}, journal={Journal of Conflict Resolution}, publisher={SAGE Publications}, author={De Jaegher, Kris and Hoyer, Britta}, year={2018}, pages={502--527} }
De Jaegher, Kris, and Britta Hoyer. “Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 63, no. 2 (2018): 502--527. https://doi.org/10.1177/0022002717750450.
K. De Jaegher and B. Hoyer, “Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves,” Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 502--527, 2018.
De Jaegher, Kris, and Britta Hoyer. “Preemptive Repression: Deterrence, Backfiring, Iron Fists and Velvet Gloves.” Journal of Conflict Resolution, vol. 63, no. 2, SAGE Publications, 2018, pp. 502--527, doi:10.1177/0022002717750450.
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