Second harmonic imaging of plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurfaces coupled to monolayers of WS2

F. Spreyer, R. Zhao, L. Huang, T. Zentgraf, Nanophotonics (2020).

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<jats:p>The nonlinear processes of frequency conversion such as second harmonic generation (SHG) usually obey certain selection rules, resulting from the preservation of different kinds of physical quantities, e.g. the angular momentum. For the SHG created by a monolayer of transition-metal dichalcogenides (TMDCs) such as WS<jats:sub>2</jats:sub>, the valley-exciton locked selection rule predicts an SHG signal in the cross-polarization state. By combining plasmonic nanostructures with a monolayer of TMDC, a hybrid metasurface is realized, which affects this nonlinear process because of an additional polarization conversion process. Here, we observe that the plasmonic metasurface modifies the light-matter interaction with the TMDC, resulting in an SHG signal that is co-polarized with respect to the incident field, which is usually forbidden for the monolayers of TMDC. We fabricate such hybrid metasurfaces by placing plasmonic nanorods on top of a monolayer WS<jats:sub>2</jats:sub> and study the valley-exciton locked SHG emission from such system for different parameters, such as wavelength and polarization. Furthermore, we show the potential of the hybrid metasurface for tailoring nonlinear processes by adding additional phase information to the SHG signal using the Pancharatnam-Berry phase effect. This allows direct tailoring of the SHG emission to the far-field.</jats:p>
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Nanophotonics
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Spreyer F, Zhao R, Huang L, Zentgraf T. Second harmonic imaging of plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurfaces coupled to monolayers of WS2. Nanophotonics. 2020. doi:10.1515/nanoph-2019-0378
Spreyer, F., Zhao, R., Huang, L., & Zentgraf, T. (2020). Second harmonic imaging of plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurfaces coupled to monolayers of WS2. Nanophotonics. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2019-0378
@article{Spreyer_Zhao_Huang_Zentgraf_2020, title={Second harmonic imaging of plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurfaces coupled to monolayers of WS2}, DOI={10.1515/nanoph-2019-0378}, journal={Nanophotonics}, author={Spreyer, Florian and Zhao, Ruizhe and Huang, Lingling and Zentgraf, Thomas}, year={2020} }
Spreyer, Florian, Ruizhe Zhao, Lingling Huang, and Thomas Zentgraf. “Second Harmonic Imaging of Plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry Phase Metasurfaces Coupled to Monolayers of WS2.” Nanophotonics, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1515/nanoph-2019-0378.
F. Spreyer, R. Zhao, L. Huang, and T. Zentgraf, “Second harmonic imaging of plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry phase metasurfaces coupled to monolayers of WS2,” Nanophotonics, 2020.
Spreyer, Florian, et al. “Second Harmonic Imaging of Plasmonic Pancharatnam-Berry Phase Metasurfaces Coupled to Monolayers of WS2.” Nanophotonics, 2020, doi:10.1515/nanoph-2019-0378.
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