Gender, competitiveness, and task difficulty: Evidence from the field

B. Hoyer, T. van Huizen, L. Keijzer, S. Rezaei, S. Rosenkranz, B. Westbrock, Labour Economics (2020).

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Journal Article | Epub ahead of print | English
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This study examines the gender gap in competitiveness in an educational setting and tests whether this gap depends on the difficulty of the task at hand. For this purpose, we administered a series of experiments during the final exam of a university course. We confronted three cohorts of undergraduate students with a set of bonus questions and the choice between an absolute and a tournament grading scheme for these questions. To test the moderating impact of task difficulty, we (randomly) varied the difficulty of the questions between treatment groups. We find that, on average, women are significantly less likely to select the tournament scheme. However, the results show that the gender gap in tournament entry is sizable when the questions are relative easy, but much smaller and statistical insignificant when the questions are difficult.
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Labour Economics
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Hoyer B, van Huizen T, Keijzer L, Rezaei S, Rosenkranz S, Westbrock B. Gender, competitiveness, and task difficulty: Evidence from the field. Labour Economics. 2020. doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101815
Hoyer, B., van Huizen, T., Keijzer, L., Rezaei, S., Rosenkranz, S., & Westbrock, B. (2020). Gender, competitiveness, and task difficulty: Evidence from the field. Labour Economics. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101815
@article{Hoyer_van Huizen_Keijzer_Rezaei_Rosenkranz_Westbrock_2020, title={Gender, competitiveness, and task difficulty: Evidence from the field}, DOI={10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101815}, journal={Labour Economics}, author={Hoyer, Britta and van Huizen, Thomas and Keijzer, Linda and Rezaei, Sarah and Rosenkranz, Stephanie and Westbrock, Bastian }, year={2020} }
Hoyer, Britta, Thomas van Huizen, Linda Keijzer, Sarah Rezaei, Stephanie Rosenkranz, and Bastian Westbrock. “Gender, Competitiveness, and Task Difficulty: Evidence from the Field.” Labour Economics, 2020. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101815.
B. Hoyer, T. van Huizen, L. Keijzer, S. Rezaei, S. Rosenkranz, and B. Westbrock, “Gender, competitiveness, and task difficulty: Evidence from the field,” Labour Economics, 2020.
Hoyer, Britta, et al. “Gender, Competitiveness, and Task Difficulty: Evidence from the Field.” Labour Economics, 2020, doi:10.1016/j.labeco.2020.101815.

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