Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon

M. Bouhassoune, A. Schindlmayr, Physica Status Solidi C 7 (2010) 460–463.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
The structural and electronic properties of strained silicon are investigated quantitatively with ab initio computational methods. For this purpose we combine densityfunctional theory within the local‐density approximation and the GW approximation for the electronic self‐energy. From the variation of the total energy as a function of applied strain we obtain the elastic constants, Poisson ratios and related structural parameters, taking a possible internal relaxation fully into account. For biaxial tensile strain in the (001) and (111) planes we then investigate the effects on the electronic band structure. These strain configurations occur in epitaxial silicon films grown on SiGe templates along different crystallographic directions. The tetragonal deformation resulting from (001) strain induces a valley splitting that removes the sixfold degeneracy of the conduction‐band minimum. Furthermore, strain in any direction causes the band structure to warp. We present quantitative results for the electron effective mass, derived from the curvature of the conduction band, as a function of strain and discuss the implications for the mobility of the charge carriers. The inclusion of proper self‐energy corrections within the GW approximation in our work not only yields band gaps in much better agreement with experimental measurements than the localdensity approximation, but also predicts slightly larger electron effective masses.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Physica Status Solidi C
Volume
7
Issue
2
Page
460-463
Conference
12th International Conference on the Formation of Semiconductor Interfaces
Conference Location
Weimar
Conference Date
2009-07-05 – 2009-07-10
ISSN
eISSN
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Bouhassoune M, Schindlmayr A. Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon. Physica Status Solidi C. 2010;7(2):460-463. doi:10.1002/pssc.200982470
Bouhassoune, M., & Schindlmayr, A. (2010). Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon. Physica Status Solidi C, 7(2), 460–463. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssc.200982470
@article{Bouhassoune_Schindlmayr_2010, title={Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon}, volume={7}, DOI={10.1002/pssc.200982470}, number={2}, journal={Physica Status Solidi C}, publisher={Wiley-VCH}, author={Bouhassoune, Mohammed and Schindlmayr, Arno}, year={2010}, pages={460–463} }
Bouhassoune, Mohammed, and Arno Schindlmayr. “Electronic Structure and Effective Masses in Strained Silicon.” Physica Status Solidi C 7, no. 2 (2010): 460–63. https://doi.org/10.1002/pssc.200982470.
M. Bouhassoune and A. Schindlmayr, “Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon,” Physica Status Solidi C, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 460–463, 2010.
Bouhassoune, Mohammed, and Arno Schindlmayr. “Electronic Structure and Effective Masses in Strained Silicon.” Physica Status Solidi C, vol. 7, no. 2, Wiley-VCH, 2010, pp. 460–63, doi:10.1002/pssc.200982470.
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Electronic structure and effective masses in strained silicon
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© 2010 WILEY‐VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim
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