Coupled inverted pendulums: A benchmark for evolving decentral controllers in modular robotics

H. Hamann, T. Schmickl, K. Crailsheim, N. Krasnogor, P. Luca Lanzi, in: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011, 2011, pp. 195--202.

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The challenging scientific field of self-reconfiguring modular robotics (i.e., decentrally controlled 'super-robots' based on autonomous, interacting robot modules with variable morphologies) calls for novel paradigms of designing robot controllers. One option is the approach of evolutionary robotics. In this approach, the challenge is to achieve high evaluation numbers with the available resources which may even affect the feasibility of this approach. Simulations are usually applied at least in a preliminary stage of research to support controller design. However, even simulations are computationally expensive which gets even more burdensome once comprehensive studies and comparisons between different controller designs and approaches have to be done. Hence, a benchmark with low computational cost is needed that still contains the typical challenges of decentral control, is comparable, and easily manageable. We propose such a benchmark and report an empirical study of its characteristics including the transition from the single-robot setting to the multi-robot setting, typical local optima, and properties of adaptive walks through the fitness landscape.
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Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011
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195--202
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Hamann H, Schmickl T, Crailsheim K, Krasnogor N, Luca Lanzi P. Coupled inverted pendulums: A benchmark for evolving decentral controllers in modular robotics. In: Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011. ; 2011:195--202. doi:10.1145/2001576.2001604
Hamann, H., Schmickl, T., Crailsheim, K., Krasnogor, N., & Luca Lanzi, P. (2011). Coupled inverted pendulums: A benchmark for evolving decentral controllers in modular robotics. In Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011 (pp. 195--202). https://doi.org/10.1145/2001576.2001604
@inproceedings{Hamann_Schmickl_Crailsheim_Krasnogor_Luca Lanzi_2011, title={Coupled inverted pendulums: A benchmark for evolving decentral controllers in modular robotics}, DOI={10.1145/2001576.2001604}, booktitle={Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011}, author={Hamann, Heiko and Schmickl, Thomas and Crailsheim, Karl and Krasnogor, Natalio and Luca Lanzi, Pier}, year={2011}, pages={195--202} }
Hamann, Heiko, Thomas Schmickl, Karl Crailsheim, Natalio Krasnogor, and Pier Luca Lanzi. “Coupled Inverted Pendulums: A Benchmark for Evolving Decentral Controllers in Modular Robotics.” In Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011, 195--202, 2011. https://doi.org/10.1145/2001576.2001604.
H. Hamann, T. Schmickl, K. Crailsheim, N. Krasnogor, and P. Luca Lanzi, “Coupled inverted pendulums: A benchmark for evolving decentral controllers in modular robotics,” in Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011, 2011, pp. 195--202.
Hamann, Heiko, et al. “Coupled Inverted Pendulums: A Benchmark for Evolving Decentral Controllers in Modular Robotics.” Proceedings of the 13th Annual Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO 2011, 2011, pp. 195--202, doi:10.1145/2001576.2001604.

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