Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany

T. Gries, M. Redlin, M. Zehra, Journal of International Migration and Integration (2021).

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Journal Article | Published | English
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<jats:title>Abstract</jats:title><jats:p>Using data from the German Socio-Economic Panel for 1984–2018, we analyze the intergenerational education mobility of immigrants in Germany by identifying the determinants of differences in educational stocks for first- and second-generation immigrants in comparison to individuals without a migration background. Our results show that on average, first-generation immigrants have fewer years of schooling than native-born Germans and have a disproportionate share of lower educational qualifications. This gap is strongly driven by age at immigration, with immigration age and education revealing a nonlinear relationship. While the gap is relatively small among individuals who migrate at a young age, integrating in the school system at secondary school age leads to large disadvantages. Examining the educational mobility of immigrants in Germany, we identify an inter-generational catch-up in education. The gap in education between immigrants and natives is reduced for the second generation. Finally, we find that country of origin differences can account for much of the education gap. While immigrants with an ethnic background closer to the German language and culture show the best education outcomes, immigrants from Turkey, Italy, and other southern European countries and especially the group of war refugees from Syria, Afghanistan, Iraq and other MENA countries, have the lowest educational attainment.</jats:p>
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Journal of International Migration and Integration
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Gries T, Redlin M, Zehra M. Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany. Journal of International Migration and Integration. Published online 2021. doi:10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9
Gries, T., Redlin, M., & Zehra, M. (2021). Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany. Journal of International Migration and Integration. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9
@article{Gries_Redlin_Zehra_2021, title={Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany}, DOI={10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9}, journal={Journal of International Migration and Integration}, author={Gries, Thomas and Redlin, Margarete and Zehra, Moonum}, year={2021} }
Gries, Thomas, Margarete Redlin, and Moonum Zehra. “Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany.” Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2021. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9.
T. Gries, M. Redlin, and M. Zehra, “Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany,” Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9.
Gries, Thomas, et al. “Educational Assimilation of First-Generation and Second-Generation Immigrants in Germany.” Journal of International Migration and Integration, 2021, doi:10.1007/s12134-021-00863-9.

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