Stance leg and surface stability modulate cortical activity during human single leg stance

D. Büchel, T. Lehmann, S. Ullrich, J. Cockcroft, Q. Louw, J. Baumeister, Experimental Brain Research (2021) 1193–1202.

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<jats:title>Abstract </jats:title><jats:p>Mobile Electroencephalography (EEG) provides insights into cortical contributions to postural control. Although changes in theta (4–8 Hz) and alpha frequency power (8–12 Hz) were shown to reflect attentional and sensorimotor processing during balance tasks, information about the effect of stance leg on cortical processing related to postural control is lacking. Therefore, the aim was to examine patterns of cortical activity during single-leg stance with varying surface stability. EEG and force plate data from 21 healthy males (22.43 ± 2.23 years) was recorded during unipedal stance (left/right) on a stable and unstable surface. Using source-space analysis, power spectral density was analyzed in the theta, alpha-1 (8–10 Hz) and alpha-2 (10–12 Hz) frequency bands. Repeated measures ANOVA with the factors leg and surface stability revealed significant interaction effects in the left (<jats:italic>p</jats:italic> = 0.045, <jats:italic>η</jats:italic><jats:sub><jats:italic>p</jats:italic></jats:sub><jats:sup>2</jats:sup> = 0.13) and right motor clusters (<jats:italic>F</jats:italic> = 16.156; <jats:italic>p</jats:italic> = 0.001, <jats:italic>η</jats:italic><jats:sub><jats:italic>p</jats:italic></jats:sub><jats:sup>2</jats:sup> = 0.41). Furthermore, significant main effects for surface stability were observed for the fronto-central cluster (theta), left and right motor (alpha-1), as well as for the right parieto-occipital cluster (alpha-1/alpha-2). Leg dependent changes in alpha-2 power may indicate lateralized patterns of cortical processing in motor areas during single-leg stance. Future studies may therefore consider lateralized patterns of cortical activity for the interpretation of postural deficiencies in unilateral lower limb injuries.</jats:p>
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Experimental Brain Research
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1193-1202
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Büchel D, Lehmann T, Ullrich S, Cockcroft J, Louw Q, Baumeister J. Stance leg and surface stability modulate cortical activity during human single leg stance. Experimental Brain Research. Published online 2021:1193-1202. doi:10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6
Büchel, D., Lehmann, T., Ullrich, S., Cockcroft, J., Louw, Q., & Baumeister, J. (2021). Stance leg and surface stability modulate cortical activity during human single leg stance. Experimental Brain Research, 1193–1202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6
@article{Büchel_Lehmann_Ullrich_Cockcroft_Louw_Baumeister_2021, title={Stance leg and surface stability modulate cortical activity during human single leg stance}, DOI={10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6}, journal={Experimental Brain Research}, author={Büchel, Daniel and Lehmann, Tim and Ullrich, Sarah and Cockcroft, John and Louw, Quinette and Baumeister, Jochen}, year={2021}, pages={1193–1202} }
Büchel, Daniel, Tim Lehmann, Sarah Ullrich, John Cockcroft, Quinette Louw, and Jochen Baumeister. “Stance Leg and Surface Stability Modulate Cortical Activity during Human Single Leg Stance.” Experimental Brain Research, 2021, 1193–1202. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6.
D. Büchel, T. Lehmann, S. Ullrich, J. Cockcroft, Q. Louw, and J. Baumeister, “Stance leg and surface stability modulate cortical activity during human single leg stance,” Experimental Brain Research, pp. 1193–1202, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6.
Büchel, Daniel, et al. “Stance Leg and Surface Stability Modulate Cortical Activity during Human Single Leg Stance.” Experimental Brain Research, 2021, pp. 1193–202, doi:10.1007/s00221-021-06035-6.

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