Reentrant superconductivity in superconductor/ferromagnetic-alloy bilayers

V.I. Zdravkov, J. Kehrle, G. Obermeier, S. Gsell, M. Schreck, C. Müller, H.-A. Krug von Nidda, J. Lindner, J. Moosburger-Will, E. Nold, R. Morari, V.V. Ryazanov, A.S. Sidorenko, S. Horn, R. Tidecks, L.R. Tagirov, Physical Review B 82 (2010).

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Abstract
We studied the Fulde-Ferrell-Larkin-Ovchinnikov-type state established due to the proximity effect in superconducting Nb/Cu_41Ni_59 bilayers. Using a special wedge-type deposition technique, series of 20–35 samples could be fabricated by magnetron sputtering during one run. The layer thickness of only a few nanometers, the composition of the alloy, and the quality of interfaces were controlled by Rutherford backscattering spectrometry, high-resolution transmission electron microscopy, and Auger spectroscopy. The magnetic properties of the ferromagnetic alloy layer were characterized with superconducting quantum interference device magnetometry. These studies yield precise information about the thickness and demonstrate the homogeneity of the alloy composition and magnetic properties along the sample series. The dependencies of the critical temperature on the Nb and Cu41Ni59 layer thickness, T_c(d_S) and T_c(d_F), were investigated for constant thickness d_F of the magnetic alloy layer and d_S of the superconducting layer, respectively. All types of nonmonotonic behaviors of T_c versus d_F predicted by the theory could be realized experimentally, from reentrant superconducting behavior with a broad extinction region to a slight suppression of superconductivity with a shallow minimum. Even a double extinction of superconductivity was observed, giving evidence for the multiple reentrant behavior predicted by theory. All critical temperature curves were fitted with suitable sets of parameters. Then, T_c(d_F) diagrams of a hypothetical ferromagnet/superconductor/ferromagnet spin-switch core structure were calculated using these parameters. Finally, superconducting spin-switch fabrication issues are discussed in detail in view of the achieved results.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Physical Review B
Volume
82
Issue
5
Article Number
054517
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Zdravkov VI, Kehrle J, Obermeier G, et al. Reentrant superconductivity in superconductor/ferromagnetic-alloy bilayers. Physical Review B. 2010;82(5). doi:10.1103/physrevb.82.054517
Zdravkov, V. I., Kehrle, J., Obermeier, G., Gsell, S., Schreck, M., Müller, C., … Tagirov, L. R. (2010). Reentrant superconductivity in superconductor/ferromagnetic-alloy bilayers. Physical Review B, 82(5). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.82.054517
@article{Zdravkov_Kehrle_Obermeier_Gsell_Schreck_Müller_Krug von Nidda_Lindner_Moosburger-Will_Nold_et al._2010, title={Reentrant superconductivity in superconductor/ferromagnetic-alloy bilayers}, volume={82}, DOI={10.1103/physrevb.82.054517}, number={5054517}, journal={Physical Review B}, publisher={American Physical Society (APS)}, author={Zdravkov, V. I. and Kehrle, J. and Obermeier, G. and Gsell, S. and Schreck, M. and Müller, C. and Krug von Nidda, H.-A. and Lindner, Jörg and Moosburger-Will, J. and Nold, E. and et al.}, year={2010} }
Zdravkov, V. I., J. Kehrle, G. Obermeier, S. Gsell, M. Schreck, C. Müller, H.-A. Krug von Nidda, et al. “Reentrant Superconductivity in Superconductor/Ferromagnetic-Alloy Bilayers.” Physical Review B 82, no. 5 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1103/physrevb.82.054517.
V. I. Zdravkov et al., “Reentrant superconductivity in superconductor/ferromagnetic-alloy bilayers,” Physical Review B, vol. 82, no. 5, 2010.
Zdravkov, V. I., et al. “Reentrant Superconductivity in Superconductor/Ferromagnetic-Alloy Bilayers.” Physical Review B, vol. 82, no. 5, 054517, American Physical Society (APS), 2010, doi:10.1103/physrevb.82.054517.
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