Development of two novel face-recognition CAPTCHAs: a security and usability study

G. Schryen, G. Wagner, A. Schlegel, Computers & Security 60 (2016) 95–116.

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Journal Article | English
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Abstract
CAPTCHAs are challenge-response tests that aim at preventing unwanted machines, including bots, from accessing web services while providing easy access for humans. Recent advances in artificial-intelligence based attacks show that the level of security provided by many state-of-the-art text-based CAPTCHAs is declining. At the same time, techniques for distorting and obscuring the text, which are used to maintain the level of security, make text-based CAPTCHAs diffcult to solve for humans, and thereby further degrade usability. The need for developing alternative types of CAPTCHAs which improve both, the current security and usability levels, has been emphasized by several researchers. With this study, we contribute to research through (1) the development of two new face recognition CAPTCHAs (Farett-Gender and Farett-Gender&Age), (2) the security analysis of both procedures, and (3) the provision of empirical evidence that one of the suggested CAPTCHAs (Farett-Gender) is similar to Google's reCAPTCHA and better than KCAPTCHA concerning effectiveness (error rates), superior to both regarding learnability and satisfaction but not effciency.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Computers & Security
Volume
60
Issue
July
Page
95-116
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Schryen G, Wagner G, Schlegel A. Development of two novel face-recognition CAPTCHAs: a security and usability study. Computers & Security. 2016;60(July):95-116.
Schryen, G., Wagner, G., & Schlegel, A. (2016). Development of two novel face-recognition CAPTCHAs: a security and usability study. Computers & Security, 60(July), 95–116.
@article{Schryen_Wagner_Schlegel_2016, title={Development of two novel face-recognition CAPTCHAs: a security and usability study}, volume={60}, number={July}, journal={Computers & Security}, publisher={Elsevier}, author={Schryen, Guido and Wagner, Gerit and Schlegel, Alexander}, year={2016}, pages={95–116} }
Schryen, Guido, Gerit Wagner, and Alexander Schlegel. “Development of Two Novel Face-Recognition CAPTCHAs: A Security and Usability Study.” Computers & Security 60, no. July (2016): 95–116.
G. Schryen, G. Wagner, and A. Schlegel, “Development of two novel face-recognition CAPTCHAs: a security and usability study,” Computers & Security, vol. 60, no. July, pp. 95–116, 2016.
Schryen, Guido, et al. “Development of Two Novel Face-Recognition CAPTCHAs: A Security and Usability Study.” Computers & Security, vol. 60, no. July, Elsevier, 2016, pp. 95–116.
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