Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan

Q.A. Ahmed, T. Wiersema, M. Platzner, in: C. Hochberger, B. Nelson, A. Koch, R. Woods, P. Diniz (Eds.), Applied Reconfigurable Computing, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2019, pp. 127–136.

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Conference Paper | Published | English
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Abstract
Reconfigurable hardware has received considerable attention as a platform that enables dynamic hardware updates and thus is able to adapt new configurations at runtime. However, due to their dynamic nature, e.g., field-programmable gate arrays (FPGA) are subject to a constant possibility of attacks, since each new configuration might be compromised. Trojans for reconfigurable hardware that evade state-of-the-art detection techniques and even formal verification, are thus a large threat to these devices. One such stealthy hardware Trojan, that is inserted and activated in two stages by compromised electronic design automation (EDA) tools, has recently been presented and shown to evade all forms of classical pre-configuration detection techniques. This paper presents a successful pre-configuration countermeasure against this ``Malicious Look-up-table (LUT)''-hardware Trojan, by employing bitstream-level Proof-Carrying Hardware (PCH). We show that the method is able to alert innocent module creators to infected EDA tools, and to prohibit malicious ones to sell infected modules to unsuspecting customers.
Publishing Year
Proceedings Title
Applied Reconfigurable Computing
Volume
11444
Page
127-136
Conference
15th International Symposium on Applied Reconfigurable Computing (ARC 2019)
Conference Location
Darmstadt, Germany
Conference Date
2019-04-09 – 2019-04-11
LibreCat-ID

Cite this

Ahmed QA, Wiersema T, Platzner M. Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan. In: Hochberger C, Nelson B, Koch A, Woods R, Diniz P, eds. Applied Reconfigurable Computing. Vol 11444. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2019:127-136. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-17227-5_10
Ahmed, Q. A., Wiersema, T., & Platzner, M. (2019). Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan. In C. Hochberger, B. Nelson, A. Koch, R. Woods, & P. Diniz (Eds.), Applied Reconfigurable Computing (Vol. 11444, pp. 127–136). Cham: Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17227-5_10
@inproceedings{Ahmed_Wiersema_Platzner_2019, place={Cham}, series={Lecture Notes in Computer Science}, title={Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan}, volume={11444}, DOI={10.1007/978-3-030-17227-5_10}, booktitle={Applied Reconfigurable Computing}, publisher={Springer International Publishing}, author={Ahmed, Qazi Arbab and Wiersema, Tobias and Platzner, Marco}, editor={Hochberger, Christian and Nelson, Brent and Koch, Andreas and Woods, Roger and Diniz, PedroEditors}, year={2019}, pages={127–136}, collection={Lecture Notes in Computer Science} }
Ahmed, Qazi Arbab, Tobias Wiersema, and Marco Platzner. “Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan.” In Applied Reconfigurable Computing, edited by Christian Hochberger, Brent Nelson, Andreas Koch, Roger Woods, and Pedro Diniz, 11444:127–36. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-17227-5_10.
Q. A. Ahmed, T. Wiersema, and M. Platzner, “Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan,” in Applied Reconfigurable Computing, Darmstadt, Germany, 2019, vol. 11444, pp. 127–136.
Ahmed, Qazi Arbab, et al. “Proof-Carrying Hardware Versus the Stealthy Malicious LUT Hardware Trojan.” Applied Reconfigurable Computing, edited by Christian Hochberger et al., vol. 11444, Springer International Publishing, 2019, pp. 127–36, doi:10.1007/978-3-030-17227-5_10.
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