Acoustic filter-and-sum beamforming by adaptive principal component analysis

E. Warsitz, R. Haeb-Umbach, in: IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005), 2005, p. iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4.

Conference Paper | English
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Abstract
For human-machine interfaces in distant-talking environments multichannel signal processing is often employed to obtain an enhanced signal for subsequent processing. In this paper we propose a novel adaptation algorithm for a filter-and-sum beamformer to adjust the coefficients of FIR filters to changing acoustic room impulses, e.g. due to speaker movement. A deterministic and a stochastic gradient ascent algorithm are derived from a constrained optimization problem, which iteratively estimates the eigenvector corresponding to the largest eigenvalue of the cross power spectral density of the microphone signals. The method does not require an explicit estimation of the speaker location. The experimental results show fast adaptation and excellent robustness of the proposed algorithm.
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Proceedings Title
IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005)
Volume
4
Page
iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4
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Warsitz E, Haeb-Umbach R. Acoustic filter-and-sum beamforming by adaptive principal component analysis. In: IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005). Vol 4. ; 2005:iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4. doi:10.1109/ICASSP.2005.1416129
Warsitz, E., & Haeb-Umbach, R. (2005). Acoustic filter-and-sum beamforming by adaptive principal component analysis. In IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005) (Vol. 4, p. iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4). https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2005.1416129
@inproceedings{Warsitz_Haeb-Umbach_2005, title={Acoustic filter-and-sum beamforming by adaptive principal component analysis}, volume={4}, DOI={10.1109/ICASSP.2005.1416129}, booktitle={IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005)}, author={Warsitz, Ernst and Haeb-Umbach, Reinhold}, year={2005}, pages={iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4} }
Warsitz, Ernst, and Reinhold Haeb-Umbach. “Acoustic Filter-and-Sum Beamforming by Adaptive Principal Component Analysis.” In IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005), 4:iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1109/ICASSP.2005.1416129.
E. Warsitz and R. Haeb-Umbach, “Acoustic filter-and-sum beamforming by adaptive principal component analysis,” in IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005), 2005, vol. 4, p. iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4.
Warsitz, Ernst, and Reinhold Haeb-Umbach. “Acoustic Filter-and-Sum Beamforming by Adaptive Principal Component Analysis.” IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP 2005), vol. 4, 2005, p. iv/797-iv/800 Vol. 4, doi:10.1109/ICASSP.2005.1416129.

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