Explicit Multi-objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems Under Uncertainty

C.I. Hernández Castellanos, S. Ober-Blöbaum, S. Peitz, ArXiv:2002.06006 (2020).

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Abstract
In real-world problems, uncertainties (e.g., errors in the measurement, precision errors) often lead to poor performance of numerical algorithms when not explicitly taken into account. This is also the case for control problems, where optimal solutions can degrade in quality or even become infeasible. Thus, there is the need to design methods that can handle uncertainty. In this work, we consider nonlinear multi-objective optimal control problems with uncertainty on the initial conditions, and in particular their incorporation into a feedback loop via model predictive control (MPC). In multi-objective optimal control, an optimal compromise between multiple conflicting criteria has to be found. For such problems, not much has been reported in terms of uncertainties. To address this problem class, we design an offline/online framework to compute an approximation of efficient control strategies. This approach is closely related to explicit MPC for nonlinear systems, where the potentially expensive optimization problem is solved in an offline phase in order to enable fast solutions in the online phase. In order to reduce the numerical cost of the offline phase, we exploit symmetries in the control problems. Furthermore, in order to ensure optimality of the solutions, we include an additional online optimization step, which is considerably cheaper than the original multi-objective optimization problem. We test our framework on a car maneuvering problem where safety and speed are the objectives. The multi-objective framework allows for online adaptations of the desired objective. Alternatively, an automatic scalarizing procedure yields very efficient feedback controls. Our results show that the method is capable of designing driving strategies that deal better with uncertainties in the initial conditions, which translates into potentially safer and faster driving strategies.
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arXiv:2002.06006
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Hernández Castellanos CI, Ober-Blöbaum S, Peitz S. Explicit Multi-objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty. arXiv:200206006. 2020.
Hernández Castellanos, C. I., Ober-Blöbaum, S., & Peitz, S. (2020). Explicit Multi-objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty. ArXiv:2002.06006.
@article{Hernández Castellanos_Ober-Blöbaum_Peitz_2020, title={Explicit Multi-objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty}, journal={arXiv:2002.06006}, author={Hernández Castellanos, Carlos Ignacio and Ober-Blöbaum, Sina and Peitz, Sebastian}, year={2020} }
Hernández Castellanos, Carlos Ignacio, Sina Ober-Blöbaum, and Sebastian Peitz. “Explicit Multi-Objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty.” ArXiv:2002.06006, 2020.
C. I. Hernández Castellanos, S. Ober-Blöbaum, and S. Peitz, “Explicit Multi-objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty,” arXiv:2002.06006. 2020.
Hernández Castellanos, Carlos Ignacio, et al. “Explicit Multi-Objective Model Predictive Control for Nonlinear Systems  Under Uncertainty.” ArXiv:2002.06006, 2020.

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