Influence of material degradation on weld seam quality in hot gas butt welding of polyamides

M. Bialaschik, V. Schöppner, M. Albrecht, M. Gehde, Welding in the World (2021) 1161–1169.

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Journal Article | Published | English
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Abstract
The joining of plastics is required because component geometries are severely restricted in conventional manufacturing processes such as injection molding or extrusion. In addition to established processes such as hot plate welding, infrared welding, or vibration welding, hot gas butt welding is becoming more and more important industrially due to its advantages. The main benefits are the contactless heating process, the suitability for glass fiber reinforced, and high-temperature plastics as well as complex component geometries. However, various degradation phenomena can occur during the heating process used for economic reasons, due to the presence of oxygen in the air and to the high gas temperatures. In addition, the current patent situation suggests that welding with an oxidizing gas is not permissible depending on the material. On the other hand, however, there is experience from extrusion welding, with which long-term resistant weld seams can be produced using air. Investigations have shown that the same weld seam properties can be achieved with polypropylene using either air or nitrogen as the process gas. Experimental investigations have now been carried out on the suitability of different gases with regard to the weld seam quality when welding polyamides, which are generally regarded as more prone to oxidation. The results show that weld strengths are higher when nitrogen is used as process gas. However, equal weld strengths can be achieved with air and nitrogen when the material contains heat stabilizers.
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Journal Title
Welding in the World
Page
1161-1169
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Bialaschik M, Schöppner V, Albrecht M, Gehde M. Influence of material degradation on weld seam quality in hot gas butt welding of polyamides. Welding in the World. Published online 2021:1161-1169. doi:10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0
Bialaschik, M., Schöppner, V., Albrecht, M., & Gehde, M. (2021). Influence of material degradation on weld seam quality in hot gas butt welding of polyamides. Welding in the World, 1161–1169. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0
@article{Bialaschik_Schöppner_Albrecht_Gehde_2021, title={Influence of material degradation on weld seam quality in hot gas butt welding of polyamides}, DOI={10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0}, journal={Welding in the World}, author={Bialaschik, Max and Schöppner, Volker and Albrecht, Mirko and Gehde, Michael}, year={2021}, pages={1161–1169} }
Bialaschik, Max, Volker Schöppner, Mirko Albrecht, and Michael Gehde. “Influence of Material Degradation on Weld Seam Quality in Hot Gas Butt Welding of Polyamides.” Welding in the World, 2021, 1161–69. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0.
M. Bialaschik, V. Schöppner, M. Albrecht, and M. Gehde, “Influence of material degradation on weld seam quality in hot gas butt welding of polyamides,” Welding in the World, pp. 1161–1169, 2021, doi: 10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0.
Bialaschik, Max, et al. “Influence of Material Degradation on Weld Seam Quality in Hot Gas Butt Welding of Polyamides.” Welding in the World, 2021, pp. 1161–69, doi:10.1007/s40194-021-01108-0.

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