Analysis and minimization of substrate spurs in fractional-N frequency synthesizers

S.A. Osmany, F. Herzel, C. Scheytt, Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing 74 (2013) 545–556.

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Abstract
This paper analyses substrate-related spurious tones in fractional-N phase- locked loops with integrated VCOs. Spur positions are calculated and experimentally verified as a function of the divider ratios of prescaler and programmable divider. For an integrated wideband PLL in SiGe BiCMOS technology the spur power levels are measured and compared with theoretical expectations. The power in these spurs is minimized by layout techniques shielding the reference input buffer. Spur minimization by using a variable reference frequency is experimentally demonstrated. Based on this observation, a programmable integer-N PLL for driving the fractional-N synthesizer is suggested to reduce the worst-case spur level significantly. Index Terms — Fractional-N, frequency synthesizers, fractional spurs, substrate spurs, phase-locked loops (PLLs), phase noise.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing
Volume
74
Issue
3
Page
545-556
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Osmany SA, Herzel F, Scheytt C. Analysis and minimization of substrate spurs in fractional-N frequency synthesizers. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing. 2013;74(3):545-556.
Osmany, S. A., Herzel, F., & Scheytt, C. (2013). Analysis and minimization of substrate spurs in fractional-N frequency synthesizers. Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, 74(3), 545–556.
@article{Osmany_Herzel_Scheytt_2013, title={Analysis and minimization of substrate spurs in fractional-N frequency synthesizers}, volume={74}, number={3}, journal={Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing}, author={Osmany, Sabbir Ahmed and Herzel, Frank and Scheytt, Christoph}, year={2013}, pages={545–556} }
Osmany, Sabbir Ahmed, Frank Herzel, and Christoph Scheytt. “Analysis and Minimization of Substrate Spurs in Fractional-N Frequency Synthesizers.” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing 74, no. 3 (2013): 545–56.
S. A. Osmany, F. Herzel, and C. Scheytt, “Analysis and minimization of substrate spurs in fractional-N frequency synthesizers,” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 74, no. 3, pp. 545–556, 2013.
Osmany, Sabbir Ahmed, et al. “Analysis and Minimization of Substrate Spurs in Fractional-N Frequency Synthesizers.” Analog Integrated Circuits and Signal Processing, vol. 74, no. 3, 2013, pp. 545–56.

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