Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects

T. Wu, R. Kruse, S. Tinkloh, T. Tröster, W. Zinn, C. Lauhoff, T. Niendorf, Journal of Composites Science 6 (2022).

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Journal Article | Published | English
Author
Wu, Tao; Kruse, Roland; Tinkloh, Steffen; Tröster, Thomas; Zinn, Wolfgang; Lauhoff, Christian; Niendorf, Thomas
Abstract
<jats:p>Carbon fiber reinforced plastics (CFRPs) gained high interest in industrial applications because of their excellent strength and low specific weight. The stacking sequence of the unidirectional plies forming a CFRP laminate, and their thicknesses, primarily determine the mechanical performance. However, during manufacturing, defects, e.g., pores and residual stresses, are induced, both affecting the mechanical properties. The objective of the present work is to accurately measure residual stresses in CFRPs as well as to investigate the effects of stacking sequence, overall laminate thickness, and the presence of pores on the residual stress state. Residual stresses were measured through the incremental hole-drilling method (HDM). Adequate procedures have been applied to evaluate the residual stresses for orthotropic materials, including calculating the calibration coefficients through finite element analysis (FEA) based on stacking sequence, laminate thickness and mechanical properties. Using optical microscopy (OM) and computed tomography (CT), profound insights into the cross-sectional and three-dimensional microstructure, e.g., location and shape of process-induced pores, were obtained. This microstructural information allowed for a comprehensive understanding of the experimentally determined strain and stress results, particularly at the transition zone between the individual plies. The effect of pores on residual stresses was investigated by considering pores to calculate the calibration coefficients at a depth of 0.06 mm to 0.12 mm in the model and utilizing these results for residual stress evaluation. A maximum difference of 46% in stress between defect-free and porous material sample conditions was observed at a hole depth of 0.65 mm. The significance of employing correctly calculated coefficients for the residual stress evaluation is highlighted by mechanical validation tests.</jats:p>
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Journal of Composites Science
Volume
6
Issue
5
Article Number
138
ISSN
Financial disclosure
Article Processing Charge funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft.
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Wu T, Kruse R, Tinkloh S, et al. Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects. Journal of Composites Science. 2022;6(5). doi:10.3390/jcs6050138
Wu, T., Kruse, R., Tinkloh, S., Tröster, T., Zinn, W., Lauhoff, C., & Niendorf, T. (2022). Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects. Journal of Composites Science, 6(5), Article 138. https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs6050138
@article{Wu_Kruse_Tinkloh_Tröster_Zinn_Lauhoff_Niendorf_2022, title={Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects}, volume={6}, DOI={10.3390/jcs6050138}, number={5138}, journal={Journal of Composites Science}, publisher={MDPI AG}, author={Wu, Tao and Kruse, Roland and Tinkloh, Steffen and Tröster, Thomas and Zinn, Wolfgang and Lauhoff, Christian and Niendorf, Thomas}, year={2022} }
Wu, Tao, Roland Kruse, Steffen Tinkloh, Thomas Tröster, Wolfgang Zinn, Christian Lauhoff, and Thomas Niendorf. “Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects.” Journal of Composites Science 6, no. 5 (2022). https://doi.org/10.3390/jcs6050138.
T. Wu et al., “Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects,” Journal of Composites Science, vol. 6, no. 5, Art. no. 138, 2022, doi: 10.3390/jcs6050138.
Wu, Tao, et al. “Experimental Analysis of Residual Stresses in CFRPs through Hole-Drilling Method: The Role of Stacking Sequence, Thickness, and Defects.” Journal of Composites Science, vol. 6, no. 5, 138, MDPI AG, 2022, doi:10.3390/jcs6050138.

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