Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change

B. Mir Djawadi, R. Fahr, F. Turk, Value in Health (2014) 814–822.

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Journal Article | English
Abstract
BackgroundMedical nonpersistence is a worldwide problem of striking magnitude. Although many fields of studies including epidemiology, sociology, and psychology try to identify determinants for medical nonpersistence, comprehensive research to explain medical nonpersistence from an economics perspective is rather scarce.ObjectivesThe aim of the study was to develop a conceptual framework that augments standard economic choice theory with psychological concepts of behavioral economics to understand how patients’ preferences for discontinuing with therapy arise over the course of the medical treatment. The availability of such a framework allows the targeted design of mechanisms for intervention strategies.MethodsOur conceptual framework models the patient as an active economic agent who evaluates the benefits and costs for continuing with therapy. We argue that a combination of loss aversion and mental accounting operations explains why patients discontinue with therapy at a specific point in time. We designed a randomized laboratory economic experiment with a student subject pool to investigate the behavioral predictions.ResultsSubjects continue with therapy as long as experienced utility losses have to be compensated. As soon as previous losses are evened out, subjects perceive the marginal benefit of persistence lower than in the beginning of the treatment. Consequently, subjects start to discontinue with therapy.ConclusionsOur results highlight that concepts of behavioral economics capture the dynamic structure of medical nonpersistence better than does standard economic choice theory. We recommend that behavioral economics should be a mandatory part of the development of possible intervention strategies aimed at improving patients’ compliance and persistence behavior.
Publishing Year
Journal Title
Value in Health
Issue
8
Page
814-822
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Mir Djawadi B, Fahr R, Turk F. Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change. Value in Health. 2014;(8):814-822. doi:10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2669
Mir Djawadi, B., Fahr, R., & Turk, F. (2014). Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change. Value in Health, (8), 814–822. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2669
@article{Mir Djawadi_Fahr_Turk_2014, title={Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change}, DOI={10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2669}, number={8}, journal={Value in Health}, publisher={Elsevier}, author={Mir Djawadi, Behnud and Fahr, Rene and Turk, Florian}, year={2014}, pages={814–822} }
Mir Djawadi, Behnud, Rene Fahr, and Florian Turk. “Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change.” Value in Health, no. 8 (2014): 814–22. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2669.
B. Mir Djawadi, R. Fahr, and F. Turk, “Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change,” Value in Health, no. 8, pp. 814–822, 2014.
Mir Djawadi, Behnud, et al. “Conceptual Model and Economic Experiments to Explain Nonpersistence and Enable Mechanism Designs Fosterin Behavioral Change.” Value in Health, no. 8, Elsevier, 2014, pp. 814–22, doi:10.1016/j.jval.2014.08.2669.
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