Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process

S. Josupeit, L. Ordia, H.-J. Schmid, in: International Conference on Additive Technologies, 2014, pp. 222–227.

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Abstract
The process-related occurrence of varying cooling rates at different positions within the part cake is an important challenge regarding the part quality and reproducibility of the polymer laser sintering process. Temperature history dependent parameters are for example the part warpage, the crystallization behavior or powder ageing effects, which have to be considered for optimized process controls. Nevertheless, the inner temperature distribution and history during the cooling process is difficult to measure and less known yet. In this work, a Finite Element (FE) model is developed to understand and predict the temperature distribution and history within the part cake during the cooling process. Therefore, the thermal boundary conditions of a laser sintering system are analyzed and relevant parameters are identified. A basic FE model is set up in ABAQUS CAE software considering a part-free powder cake. Important thermal parameters of the bulk powder and the environment are adjusted and verified in relation to experimental in-process measured data. With this model it is possible to predict position-dependent cooling rates as a function of significant job parameters, for example the job height or the environmental conditions during the cooling phase. In combination with extended in-process temperature measurements and a consideration of built parts, this model will be an important tool for the development of optimized process controls.
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Proceedings Title
International Conference on Additive Technologies
Volume
5
Page
222-227
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Josupeit S, Ordia L, Schmid H-J. Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process. In: International Conference on Additive Technologies. Vol 5. ; 2014:222-227. doi:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saeed_Khademzadeh2/publication/303022441_Geometrical_characterization_of_thin_walls_produced_by_micro_laser_sintering/links/5735cc7f08ae298602e08f1f/Geometrical-characterization-of-thin-walls-produced-by-micro-laser-sintering.pdf
Josupeit, S., Ordia, L., & Schmid, H.-J. (2014). Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process. In International Conference on Additive Technologies (Vol. 5, pp. 222–227). https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saeed_Khademzadeh2/publication/303022441_Geometrical_characterization_of_thin_walls_produced_by_micro_laser_sintering/links/5735cc7f08ae298602e08f1f/Geometrical-characterization-of-thin-walls-produced-by-micro-laser-sintering.pdf
@inproceedings{Josupeit_Ordia_Schmid_2014, title={Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process}, volume={5}, DOI={https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saeed_Khademzadeh2/publication/303022441_Geometrical_characterization_of_thin_walls_produced_by_micro_laser_sintering/links/5735cc7f08ae298602e08f1f/Geometrical-characterization-of-thin-walls-produced-by-micro-laser-sintering.pdf}, booktitle={International Conference on Additive Technologies}, author={Josupeit, Stefan and Ordia, L. and Schmid, Hans-Joachim}, year={2014}, pages={222–227} }
Josupeit, Stefan, L. Ordia, and Hans-Joachim Schmid. “Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process.” In International Conference on Additive Technologies, 5:222–27, 2014. https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saeed_Khademzadeh2/publication/303022441_Geometrical_characterization_of_thin_walls_produced_by_micro_laser_sintering/links/5735cc7f08ae298602e08f1f/Geometrical-characterization-of-thin-walls-produced-by-micro-laser-sintering.pdf.
S. Josupeit, L. Ordia, and H.-J. Schmid, “Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process,” in International Conference on Additive Technologies, 2014, vol. 5, pp. 222–227.
Josupeit, Stefan, et al. “Development of a Basic Model to Simulate the Laser Sintering Cooling Process.” International Conference on Additive Technologies, vol. 5, 2014, pp. 222–27, doi:https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Saeed_Khademzadeh2/publication/303022441_Geometrical_characterization_of_thin_walls_produced_by_micro_laser_sintering/links/5735cc7f08ae298602e08f1f/Geometrical-characterization-of-thin-walls-produced-by-micro-laser-sintering.pdf.

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