Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning

N.F. Tolksdorf, F.E. Viertel, K.J. Rohlfing, Frontiers in Robotics and AI (2021).

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Journal Article | Published | English
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<jats:p>Temperamental traits can decisively influence how children enter into social interaction with their environment. Yet, in the field of child–robot interaction, little is known about how individual differences such as shyness impact on how children interact with social robots in educational settings. The present study systematically assessed the temperament of 28 preschool children aged 4–5 years in order to investigate the role of shyness within a dyadic child–robot interaction. Over the course of four consecutive sessions, we observed how shy compared to nonshy children interacted with a social robot during a word-learning educational setting and how shyness influenced children’s learning outcomes. Overall, results suggested that shy children not only interacted differently with a robot compared to nonshy children, but also changed their behavior over the course of the sessions. Critically, shy children interacted less expressively with the robot in general. With regard to children’s language learning outcomes, shy children scored lower on an initial posttest, but were able to close this gap on a later test, resulting in all children retrieving the learned words on a similar level. When intertest learning gain was considered, regression analyses even confirmed a positive predictive role of shyness on language learning gains. Findings are discussed with regard to the role of shyness in educational settings with social robots and the implications for future interaction design.</jats:p>
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Frontiers in Robotics and AI
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Tolksdorf NF, Viertel FE, Rohlfing KJ. Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning. Frontiers in Robotics and AI. Published online 2021. doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.676123
Tolksdorf, N. F., Viertel, F. E., & Rohlfing, K. J. (2021). Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning. Frontiers in Robotics and AI. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.676123
@article{Tolksdorf_Viertel_Rohlfing_2021, title={Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning}, DOI={10.3389/frobt.2021.676123}, journal={Frontiers in Robotics and AI}, author={Tolksdorf, Nils Frederik and Viertel, Franziska E. and Rohlfing, Katharina J.}, year={2021} }
Tolksdorf, Nils Frederik, Franziska E. Viertel, and Katharina J. Rohlfing. “Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning.” Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3389/frobt.2021.676123.
N. F. Tolksdorf, F. E. Viertel, and K. J. Rohlfing, “Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning,” Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 2021, doi: 10.3389/frobt.2021.676123.
Tolksdorf, Nils Frederik, et al. “Do Shy Preschoolers Interact Differently When Learning Language With a Social Robot? An Analysis of Interactional Behavior and Word Learning.” Frontiers in Robotics and AI, 2021, doi:10.3389/frobt.2021.676123.

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