Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(acrylonitrile)/Poly(vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization

M. Wortmann, N. Frese, A. Mamun, M. Trabelsi, W. Keil, B. Büker, A. Javed, M. Tiemann, E. Moritzer, A. Ehrmann, A. Hütten, C. Schmidt, A. Gölzhäuser, B. Hüsgen, L. Sabantina, Nanomaterials (2020).

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<jats:p>Thermally stabilized and subsequently carbonized nanofibers are a promising material for many technical applications in fields such as tissue engineering or energy storage. They can be obtained from a variety of different polymer precursors via electrospinning. While some methods have been tested for post-carbonization doping of nanofibers with the desired ingredients, very little is known about carbonization of blend nanofibers from two or more polymeric precursors. In this paper, we report on the preparation, thermal treatment and resulting properties of poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN)/poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) blend nanofibers produced by wire-based electrospinning of binary polymer solutions. Using a wide variety of spectroscopic, microscopic and thermal characterization methods, the chemical and morphological transition during oxidative stabilization (280 °C) and incipient carbonization (500 °C) was thoroughly investigated. Both PAN and PVDF precursor polymers were detected and analyzed qualitatively and quantitatively during all stages of thermal treatment. Compared to pure PAN nanofibers, the blend nanofibers showed increased fiber diameters, strong reduction of undesired morphological changes during oxidative stabilization and increased conductivity after carbonization.</jats:p>
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Journal Title
Nanomaterials
Article Number
1210
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Wortmann M, Frese N, Mamun A, et al. Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(acrylonitrile)/Poly(vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization. Nanomaterials. Published online 2020. doi:10.3390/nano10061210
Wortmann, M., Frese, N., Mamun, A., Trabelsi, M., Keil, W., Büker, B., Javed, A., Tiemann, M., Moritzer, E., Ehrmann, A., Hütten, A., Schmidt, C., Gölzhäuser, A., Hüsgen, B., & Sabantina, L. (2020). Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(acrylonitrile)/Poly(vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization. Nanomaterials, Article 1210. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061210
@article{Wortmann_Frese_Mamun_Trabelsi_Keil_Büker_Javed_Tiemann_Moritzer_Ehrmann_et al._2020, title={Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(acrylonitrile)/Poly(vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization}, DOI={10.3390/nano10061210}, number={1210}, journal={Nanomaterials}, author={Wortmann, Martin and Frese, Natalie and Mamun, Al and Trabelsi, Marah and Keil, Waldemar and Büker, Björn and Javed, Ali and Tiemann, Michael and Moritzer, Elmar and Ehrmann, Andrea and et al.}, year={2020} }
Wortmann, Martin, Natalie Frese, Al Mamun, Marah Trabelsi, Waldemar Keil, Björn Büker, Ali Javed, et al. “Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(Acrylonitrile)/Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization.” Nanomaterials, 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10061210.
M. Wortmann et al., “Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(acrylonitrile)/Poly(vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization,” Nanomaterials, Art. no. 1210, 2020, doi: 10.3390/nano10061210.
Wortmann, Martin, et al. “Chemical and Morphological Transition of Poly(Acrylonitrile)/Poly(Vinylidene Fluoride) Blend Nanofibers during Oxidative Stabilization and Incipient Carbonization.” Nanomaterials, 1210, 2020, doi:10.3390/nano10061210.

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