Driven Gaussian quantum walks

P. Held, M. Engelkemeier, S. De, S. Barkhofen, J. Sperling, C. Silberhorn, Physical Review A 105 (2022).

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Journal Article | Published | English
Quantum walks function as essential means to implement quantum simulators, allowing one to study complex and often directly inaccessible quantum processes in controllable systems. In this contribution, the notion of a driven Gaussian quantum walk is introduced. In contrast to typically considered quantum walks in optical settings, we describe the operation of the walk in terms of a nonlinear map rather than a unitary operation, e.g., by replacing a beam-splitter-type coin with a two-mode squeezer, being a process that is controlled and driven by a pump field. This opens previously unattainable possibilities for quantum walks that include nonlinear elements as core components of their operation, vastly extending their range of applications. A full framework for driven Gaussian quantum walks is developed, including methods to dynamically characterize nonlinear, quantum, and quantum-nonlinear effects. Moreover, driven Gaussian quantum walks are compared with their classically interfering and linear counterparts, which are based on classical coherence of light rather than quantum superpositions. In particular, the generation and boost of highly multimode entanglement, squeezing, and other quantum effects are studied over the duration of the nonlinear walk. Importantly, we prove the quantumness of the evolution itself, regardless of the input state. A scheme for an experimental realization is proposed. Furthermore, nonlinear properties of driven Gaussian quantum walks are explored, such as amplification that leads to an ever increasing number of correlated quantum particles, constituting a source of new walkers during the walk. Therefore, a concept for quantum walks is proposed that leads to—and even produces—directly accessible quantum phenomena, and that renders the quantum simulation of nonlinear processes possible.
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Physical Review A
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Held P, Engelkemeier M, De S, Barkhofen S, Sperling J, Silberhorn C. Driven Gaussian quantum walks. Physical Review A. 2022;105(4). doi:10.1103/physreva.105.042210
Held, P., Engelkemeier, M., De, S., Barkhofen, S., Sperling, J., & Silberhorn, C. (2022). Driven Gaussian quantum walks. Physical Review A, 105(4), Article 042210.
@article{Held_Engelkemeier_De_Barkhofen_Sperling_Silberhorn_2022, title={Driven Gaussian quantum walks}, volume={105}, DOI={10.1103/physreva.105.042210}, number={4042210}, journal={Physical Review A}, publisher={American Physical Society (APS)}, author={Held, Philip and Engelkemeier, Melanie and De, Syamsundar and Barkhofen, Sonja and Sperling, Jan and Silberhorn, Christine}, year={2022} }
Held, Philip, Melanie Engelkemeier, Syamsundar De, Sonja Barkhofen, Jan Sperling, and Christine Silberhorn. “Driven Gaussian Quantum Walks.” Physical Review A 105, no. 4 (2022).
P. Held, M. Engelkemeier, S. De, S. Barkhofen, J. Sperling, and C. Silberhorn, “Driven Gaussian quantum walks,” Physical Review A, vol. 105, no. 4, Art. no. 042210, 2022, doi: 10.1103/physreva.105.042210.
Held, Philip, et al. “Driven Gaussian Quantum Walks.” Physical Review A, vol. 105, no. 4, 042210, American Physical Society (APS), 2022, doi:10.1103/physreva.105.042210.


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