Influence of a prolonged shelf time on PA12 laser sintering powder and resulting part properties

S.H. Klippstein, I. Kletetzka, I. Sural, H.-J. Schmid, The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology (2023).

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Journal Article | English
Abstract
In the laser sintering technology, the semi-crystalline polymer material is exposed to elevated temperatures during processing, which leads to serious material ageing for most materials. This has already been investigated intensively by various authors. However, the ageing of the material at ambient temperatures during shelf life has not been the focus so far. The need to analyse the shelf life can be derived from an ecological and economic point of view. This work is focusing on the shelf life of PA2200 (PA12). To reduce the potential influences of powder production fluctuations, two different powder batches stored for 5.5 years and 6.5 years are investigated and compared to a reference powder produced 0.5 years before these investigations. Multiple powder analyses and part characterisations have been performed. A significant yellowing and molecular chain length reduction can be derived from the measurement results. Whereas the influence on mechanical part performance was minor, the parts built with the stored powders are more yellowish. As it is most likely that this is due to the consumption of polyamide stabilisers, it can be assumed that these parts will be subject to significantly faster ageing. Therefore, it is still not recommended to use the stored powders for critical parts or light intense and humid environments.
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The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology
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Klippstein SH, Kletetzka I, Sural I, Schmid H-J. Influence of a prolonged shelf time on PA12 laser sintering powder and resulting part properties. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology . Published online 2023. doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1
Klippstein, S. H., Kletetzka, I., Sural, I., & Schmid, H.-J. (2023). Influence of a prolonged shelf time on PA12 laser sintering powder and resulting part properties. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology . https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1
@article{Klippstein_Kletetzka_Sural_Schmid_2023, title={Influence of a prolonged shelf time on PA12 laser sintering powder and resulting part properties}, DOI={https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1}, journal={The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology }, publisher={Springer}, author={Klippstein, Sven Helge and Kletetzka, Ivo and Sural, Ilknur and Schmid, Hans-Joachim}, year={2023} }
Klippstein, Sven Helge, Ivo Kletetzka, Ilknur Sural, and Hans-Joachim Schmid. “Influence of a Prolonged Shelf Time on PA12 Laser Sintering Powder and Resulting Part Properties.” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , 2023. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1.
S. H. Klippstein, I. Kletetzka, I. Sural, and H.-J. Schmid, “Influence of a prolonged shelf time on PA12 laser sintering powder and resulting part properties,” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , 2023, doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1.
Klippstein, Sven Helge, et al. “Influence of a Prolonged Shelf Time on PA12 Laser Sintering Powder and Resulting Part Properties.” The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology , Springer, 2023, doi:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00170-023-11243-1.

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